Penjernih Air Sederhana

Penyaring Air Dahsyat

Alat penyaring air ini sangat dahsyat untuk menghasilkan air yang jernih dan siap untuk diminum. Sedang cara yang pertama menggunakan lat yang sederhana sekali, mudah untuk dipraktekkan dimana saja.

Penjernihan Air dengan Cara Penyaringan Sederhana

Kebutuhan air bersih di pedesaan dan pinggiran kota untuk air minum, memasak, mencuci dan sebagiannya harus diperhatikan. Cara penjernihan air perlu diketahui, karena semakin banyak sumber air yang tercemar limbah rumah tangga atau limbah industri. Cara penjernihan air baik secara alami mau pun kimiawi yang diuraikan di sini merupakan teknologi tepat guna, yang dikeluarkan oleh Kemenristek di situs Iptek.net

Cara-cara penjernihan air sederhana ini dapat digunakan di desa, karena bahan dan alatnya mudah didapat. Bahan-bahannya antara lain batu, pasir, kerikil, arang tempurung kelapa, arang sekam padi, tanah liat, ijuk, kaporit, kapur, tawas, biji kelor dan lain-lain.

Penjernihan air minum secara sederhana ini merupakan penjernihan air dengan cara penyaringan. Bahan penyaringan yang digunakan adalah pasir dan tempurung kelapa. Bahan dan peralatan :

  1. 2 (dua) drum ijuk
  2. pipa PVC dengan diameter ¾ inci
  3. kran air
  4. pasir
  5. kerikil
  6. gambar 1 pipa penyaring airpotongan bata – cat
  7. gergaji
  8. parang
  9. besi
  10. bor
  11. kuas
  12. ember
  13. cangkul

1. Membuat Pipa Penyaring Air (lihat gambar 1)

  1. gambar 2 pemasangan pipa penyaringAmbil 2 pipa PVC diameter 0,75 inci dengan panjang 35 cm.
  2. Pipa PVC dilubangi teratur sepanjang 20 cm.
  3. Bagian dari pipa yang dilubangi dibalut dengan ijuk kemudian ijuk diikat dengan tali plastik
  4. Salah satu ujung pipa dibuat ulir.

2. Pemasangan pipa penyaring (lihat gb. 2)

Pipa penyaring dipasang pada drum pengendapan dan penyaringan dengan jarak 10 cm dari dasar drum. Sedangkan lobang untuk pembersih drum ada di dasar drum. Gunanya untuk mengeluarkan kotoran yang mengendap di dasar drum.

3. Membuat drum pengendapan (lihat gb. 2 – 3)

  1. Buat lubang pada dinding drum dengan bor besi, 10 cm dari dasar untuk pipa penyaring.
  2. gambar 3 cara kerja penyaring air sederhanaPasang pipa penyaring yang sudah dibalut pada soket tersedia (lihat No. 2)
  3. Pasang kran air
  4. Buat lubang pada dasar drum dengan tutup.

4. Membuat drum penyaring (lihat gb 2 – 3)

  1. Buat lubang untuk pemasangan pipa penyaring dengan jarak 10 cm dari dasar drum.
  2. Isi drum dengan krikil setebal 20 cm, ijuk 5 cm, arang 10 cm, ijuk 10 cm.

5. Penyusunan drum (gb 3)

  1. Drum pengendapan (DE) dan penyaringan (DS)  disusun bertingkat.
  2. Kran-kran ditutup dan air diisikan ke dalam drum pengendapan (DE).
  3. Setelah 30 menit air dari DE dialirkan ke dalam drum penyaringan.
  4. Aliran air yang keluar dari DS disesuaikan dengan masukan dari DE.

Keuntungan :

  1. Air hasil penyaringan cukup bersih untuk keperluan rumah tangga.
  2. Membuatnya cukup mudah dan sederhana pemeliharaannya.
  3. Bahan-bahan yang digunakan mudah didapatkan di daerah pedesaan.

Kerugian :

Pemeliharaan memerlukan ketelitian dan cukup memakan waktu seperti :

  1. Drum pengendapan dan drum penyaring harus dibersihkan, jika aliran air yang keluar kurang lancar. Ijuk, kerikil, potongan bata, pasir dicuci bersih, kemudian dijemur sampai kering.
  2. Arang tempurung biasanya paling lama 3 bulan sekali harus diganti dengan yang baru.
  3. Tidak bisa digunakan untuk menyaring air yang mengandung bahan-bahan kimia seperti air buangan dari pabrik, karena cara ini hanya untuk menyaring air keruh, tapi bukan menyaring air yang mengandung zat kimia tertentu.

Dan untuk keperluan air minum yang sehat, sejuk dan segar, tentunya harus dimasak terlebih dahulu sampai mendidih, agar kumannya pada mati semuanya. [iptek.net]

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About Asmuni

Achmad Fauzi Asmuni tinggal di Surabaya. Selengkapnya bisa dilihat di dalam tab Kontak Fresh Cold juga melayani penjualan perlengkapan Depot Air Minum Isi Ulang, seperti: Tabung Filter air dari PVC, Stainless, Polyethilene, Housing Filter, Cartridge Filter, Reverse Osmosis (R/O), Filter Air Minum untuk Rumah Tangga, Sekolah, Pabrik, Pertokoan, Hotel. Juga melayani service Depot Air Minum Isi Ulang.
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Penjernih Air Sederhana

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